Std (STD) is a disease that is mainly handed from one person to another through sexual activity. Also referred to as venereal disease (VD), this particular illness has a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of human being sexual behavior, including vaginal sex, oral sex, and anal sex. While Sexually transmitted disease and Venereal Disease are actually used widely in the past, they are today commonly referred to as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), bringing a broader scope to the issue; as it is possible for a person to be infected and to spread the infections to other people, without having a disease in any way. An example of this is Chlamydia, which usually infects a person without causing any particular disease; giving only uncomfortable symptoms. Some sexually transmitted infections can also be spread through breastfeeding and childbirth, and also by the use of IV medication needles that have been used by a person infected.
Awareness of any STD can arise from the discovery of symptoms. Furthermore, if sexual intercourse has been had using a person that lets you know he/she has a physically transmitted disease/infection, there is also the probability that you might be affected. It also worth noting that there is the possibility of someone transmitting an infection to another person without any visible symptoms on the infected. There are some bacterial infections that can also be transferred from a mom to an unborn child.
There are about 25 different sexually transmitted diseases with different symptoms attributed to each illness. In order to better know the symptoms, categorization of the sexually transmitted infections according to cause is required.
In the cases of STDs caused by bacteria like Gonorrhea, symptoms include painful urination plus discharge from vagina/penis. However , about 50% of women show no signs and symptoms but can still pass it onto others. Chlamydia symptoms include release from vagina/penis with a burning sensation during urination. Symptoms of Syphilis usually include a rash, headache, fever and achy joints (not necessarily together). It usually starts a painless vaginal ulcer that goes away on its own. The symptoms of Syphilis however are usually slight. Chancroid symptoms include painful vaginal ulcers, and it can often be confused with syphilis or herpes.
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It should be observed that STDs caused by bacteria are treatable with antibiotics.
With STDs caused by viruses like Herpes, the most common symptoms are blister-like sores that occur over and over around the genital region. Herpes can be transmitted from a mom to her unborn child. Genital warts, caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), have symptoms that include small painless bumps around the genital or anal places, which might also be in large groupings. In the case of HIV/AIDS there are no physical signs or symptoms that show one has herpes. However , illnesses such as night sweats, chills, long lasting fevers, headaches and cough could occur several weeks following the virus has been contracted. There is no treatment currently. However there are medications accessible to slow down the progression of the disease.